Timed reading is an activity which is usually done to increase reading speed (Nation, 2007). Therefore, reading fluency, the use of accuracy and automaticity, connects to student’s reading comprehension. 2) A variety of materials on a wide range of topics is available so as to encourage reading for different reasons and in different ways. Extensive Reading. Typically ER involves reading massive amounts of very simple material so that the learner can read smoothly, confidently and pleasurably. Extensive Reading is a supplementary reading which is concerned with decoding of the written material. In order to maintain the interest in reading among students in this school, we need to use extensive reading materials as an alternative to teach reading apart from using the traditional reading materials. Currently, extensive reading (ER) is one reading approach that is being studied by most reading experts. Although reading comprehension can be one goal of intensive reading, its goals may include learning subject matter, vocabulary learning and studying the authors’ intentions. To know language means to understand and speak the language. Through extensive reading readers transmit the information and content of the materials constructed by the author through the analysis of the data. Intensive reading can often be done through the kind of activities offered in the average course book. Various techniques have been attempted by pedagogues to eradicate resistance to reading and among them Extensive reading is the most frequently cited remedy and is a very useful and relatively painless device to promote reading motivation and enhance reading performance of students. Actually, there are so many options that it might seem a bit overwhelming, so we’ve narrowed things down a bit. %O€KxÛ†FŸ€oÍÀ�ø-ªRÊì�‹;¨D}Úşı©™8v 7´Â€�'x¯$dğb $"İzFFÑŠL‰­oägÍjN�-„–�ÊFQ�ÕI@œs)벤­îõkü‘…± I believe English Literature will play a pivotal role in students’ lives because this subject has a lot to offer them. RW Reading & Writing - Journal of the Reading Association of South Africa 2079-8245 2308-1422 AOSIS RW-8-153 10.4102/rw.v8i1.153 Original Research Extensive reading in a tertiary reading programme: Students’ accounts of affective and cognitive benefits Boakye Naomi A. Therefore, it is a complex skill that should be owned and mastered by students; moreover, it should be rehearsed and examined continuously in order to improve the ability in comprehending the information they have. 2. When learners read a lot, they meet thousands of words and lexical (word) patterns that are not taught in textbooks. The following are the basic characteristics of extensive reading: 1. In Palmer’s view of ER, students read a great deal and read quickly. ER allows for multiple encounters with words and phrases in context thus making possible the progressive accretion of meanings to them. For specifics of how to create such a library, see David Hill's "Setting up an Extensive Reading Programme," and "Graded Readers: Choosing the Best" in this issue. Since the aim of the reading programme is to develop students’ ability to become independent readers, extensive reading is very important. Therefore, Teacher and students should be active throughout the reading, For teachers to teach reading effectively their lessons should include vocabulary, decoding skills, fluency and comprehension strategies. Because extensive reading is so different from normal classroom teaching, learners need to be introduced carefully. A variety of materials on a wide range of topics is available so as to encourage reading for different reasons and in different ways. Some scholars have highlighted the benefits of using extensive reading as a way to motivate students to learn a second language (L2). . Due to this examination, many ESL teachers are expected to teach concepts which are on the test. After all, teaching reading to students without such a taste is, as Eskey (1995), nicely phrased it, … Students decide on what to read and have the liberty to discontinue reading if the … Extensive Reading in a foreign language is a process mostly for pleasure (Day & Bamford, 1997; Dungworth etal, 2004) and involves students in a relaxed and individualized reading procedure. Realizing the importance of reading, some collages make it as one of subject. ELLs are encouraged to make individual book selections according to level and interest from the school/public library. Unlike extensive reading, the goal of intensive reading is not to read many texts for fluency, but rather to read a shorter piece of text to gain a deeper understanding of that text. A student’s reading success depends of their reading. Analyzing The Extensive Reading Approach English Language Essay. The more extensive reading you do, the more language you are exposed to, allowing you to increase your passive knowledge of vocabulary quite quickly. Extensive reading is a prime means of developing a taste for foreign language reading. I am inspired to develop methods that would help students attain skills such as being imaginative, analytical and interpretive. There are two kinds of teaching reading; Extensive and Intensive. Motivated readers work harder to build meaning in their reading and display increased comprehension (Pardo, 2004). Extensive Reading helps learners understand grammar. In any one class, a wide range of reading ability is “valid”. In other words, language learners need to construct meaning while reading a text, and having adequate knowledge regarding the genre of the text can facilitate this process. Extensive reading extends, consolidates and sustains vocabulary growth Vocabulary is not learned by a single exposure. 1. A key component to properly learning English is developing a unique classroom culture that fosters learning the language (CITE). All it requires is a library of suitable reading material. The fact of promoting autonomous and self-selected readings extensively makes this reading approach suitable for both L2 and EFL learners (Renandya & Jacobs, 2002). The Principles of Extensive Reading. ˵`ö’I,ìØğéä‘�CQêÔ@:t–kd�!H%jk:˜Ê‰ô¶ÒŒ-4†{‹ræ¬pŞY³æÜ›q! In other words, it should feel like reading. Extensive Reading Material. In 1998, Richard Day provided a list of key characteristics for a successful Extensive Reading Programme. They read in their own speed individually with encouragement, no pressure, no test and the. Using these techniques and strategies taught in class students can make connections to build up their reading comprehension. He believed that in ER, books were read for both language study and … 2) A variety of materials on a wide range of topics is available so as to encourage reading . Basically you can call it a detailed analysis or say the Narrow Reading. Read at home – It helps to always have books at (home). SECTION B Characteristics of Extensive Reading Programs: The Impact of Extensive Reading on EFL Writing by Sy-ying Lee, Ph.D. and Ying-ying Hsu S ome scholars have hypothesized that writing style, the special language of writing, is acquired, or subconsciously absorbed, through reading (Krashen, This subject focuses on reading, as such, I will incorporate different reading strategies such as peer, group, question generating, and cooperative learning, so that all students will develop a love and openness for this subject. Reading is an activity that can add someone’s knowledge about important news and also some new vocabulary items. Kelly (1969) claimed that Harold Palmer was the first to use the term extensive readingin foreign language (FL) teaching. 1) Students read as much as possible, perhaps in and definitely out of the classroom. Reading comprehension is an intentional, active, interactive, process that occurs before, during and after a person reads a particular piece of writing. I believe reading is an important aspect of our lives; in fact we do this every day, hence the reason I choose to teach English Literature. A Teaching Method: Reading Approach Written by: Thety Anggraini (06081001003) Lianasari (06081001004) English Education Study Program Sriwijaya University INTRODUCTION Nowadays, English becomes an international language. The Characteristics of an Extensive Reading Approach from Day & Bamford (1998) Students read as much as possible, perhaps in and definitely out of the classroom. The teacher needs to explain what this is about, and according to the level of the students, explain the rationale behind implementing such a scheme. Goal of Extensive Reading. Reading is fun! extensive reading as a program at Georgian universities The first chapter presents different views on reading, characteristics of a reader, and defines extensive reading with its In an extensive reading programme, the students are reading principally for the content of the texts. This article provides three differences… It works as ‘textual schemata’, and it limits the ‘meaning-potential’ of a specific text (O’Sullivan, et al, 1994). They have to express their views on particular topic in English in a minute. English Literature also helps students deal with problems in everyday situations; by reading novels about past issues, they. Students read as much as possible, usually out of the classroom. Role of English teacher in developing speaking skills in students: To fluently read massive amounts of comprehensible language within one’s comfort zone to build fluency while consolidating language knowledge. Aurora Varona Archer. On the other hand, intensive reading is comprehensive in nature, as it involves comprehension of the written text. Whether you are reading a book, using a tablet or following along on a phone, reading is a great way to explore the world! Extensive and Intensive are different in some cases. An interesting point made by Ashworth was that if a student struggles with learning English in the classroom, they should not be removed from the class or held back but instead continue with their original class. The teacher has to conduct the following tasks which are helpful to learn and strengthen one’s speaking skills Extensive Reading allows the learner to develop an awareness of collocations (common word partnerships) and thousands of lexical phrases. Some of you may feel skeptical if your experience with extensive reading in classroom hasn’t always been positive. Home characteristics of extensive reading. Most extensive reading will be done out of the, According to Brasell and Rasinski (2008:20) reading comprehension is the ability to take information from written text and do something with it in a way that demonstrates knowledge or understanding of that information. In other words, having knowledge about genre is likely to play a significant role in enhancing the reading comprehension. This research is to investigate the effectiveness of using extensive reading materials to teach reading for standard 5 students As we aware, reading is an active process in which readers shift between sources of information, elaborate meaning and strategies, check their interpretation and use social context to focus their responses. Extensive reading is reading for fun, entertainment and pleasure, as well as to gain a basic understanding of something. In an article published for the October 2002 issue of "Reading in a Foreign Language," English instructor Julian Bamford, of Bunkyo University in Japan, and Richard R. Day of the University of Hawaii at Manoa, outlined their approach to providing opportunities for extensive reading. The list includes ten principles as follows: 1. Extensive reading out of class ÂĞv!zÛ°�şİ/Æ#ØxD±.�mÙ6½ƒI�̇¨… Lf1Ÿ“�Álx8ñšÇJÔ™TfV¦Àṉc!eJgé(lŠ²£(F“ÃÓO% Another aspect of ER is that the learner should be reading a wide variety of texts such as novels, mystery, poems etc. A good book can take you from the depths of the ocean floor to the farthest reaches of our galaxy and beyond. The larger language exposure students have the faster they will pick it up (Anice Paterson & Jane Willis, 2008). (Waring, 2009) To develop good reading habits integrated with the immediate priorities of the teacher and the students. We asked authors, teachers, and other experts what you can do to turn yourself into a bookworm, and they gave us these tips: https://www.weareteacherfinder.com/blog/extensive-intensive-reading Extensive reading, apart from its impact on language and reading ability, can be a key to unlocking the all-important taste for foreign language reading among students. Studies have proven that extensive reading improves reading speed, reading comprehension, listening, speaking skills as well as vocabulary and grammar. The purposes of reading are usually related to pleasure and interest. By conducting Just A Minute (JAM), teacher can build up confidence in students. Language is primarily spoken form. Characteristic of extensive reading 1) Students read as much as possible, perhaps in and definitely out of the classroom. 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